The Rescue by Nicholas Sparks Book Review

This book took place in 1999 when North Carolina had the worst storms in history.

The main Character is Denise Holton whom was traveling to Edenton, North Carolina with her son Kyle (age 4) in the back seat.

Denise dedicated her life to her son Kyle and he was a full time job for her as he required special attention for a “speech”/”language” disability. As a single mother she set out to do her best. She worked four nights a week, five hour shifts earning enough to get what she needed to. She became a master of budgeting, a master of cutting corners. She had $238.00 in the bank and her car is 19 years old.

The reason why she was a single mother is that the father is Brett Cosgrove, and he was the type of man who attracted attention. She was 23 and in her second year of teaching, her friend Susan introduced Denise to Brett who was in town for a short investment banking business deal and they basically had a “one night stand” that led to her pregnancy of her wonderful son Kyle. The father did not want anything to do with her or the baby.

“She worried about Kyle all the time, and though all mothers worried about their children, she knew it wasn’t the same. Sometimes she wished she knew someone else who had a special needs child more like her son Kyle. At least then someone would understand. At least then she’d have someone to talk to, to compare notes with, someone to offer a shoulder when she needed to cry. Did other mothers wake up every day and wonder whether their child would ever had a friend? Any friend? Ever? Did other mothers worry whether their children would go to a regular school or play sports or go to the prom?”

As Denise was traveling in her car with Kyle in the back seat, a doe, fully grown on this stormy night froze in front of her car; she knew she would hit it! As she swerved to miss not to hit the deer she crashed into a tree and her head hit the steering wheel and felt excruciating pain in her forehead and suddenly fell unconscious.

The next thing she hears is “Hey, Lady, are you all right?” All she could say is KYLE! Where is my son? He was not in the car! Taylor McAden was the man from the fire department who found Denise first. This led to a community of fireman and volunteers to find Kyle in a swampy area near the crash site. Taylor McAden found a blanket, in the swampy areas about 50 yards from the spot where Denise had crashed. It took hours when Kyle was found by Taylor and brought to the hospital where Denise was taken for her injuries. Since Kyle could barely speak this task of finding him was harder than a normal case.

Taylor’s mother Judy always wanted him to find a wife and settle down. But for some reason “love” was just not his thing. His relationships would start off wonderful and then he lost interest. But this is not the case for how he felt for Denise as the relationship develops. In the end they end up happily ever after with Taylor adopting Kyle as his son.

Quote I love: “You are going to come across people in your life who say all the right words at all the right time. But in the end, it’s always their actions you should judge them by. It’s actions, not words that matter.”

K Line Trains

Chapel Hill, North Carolina based MDK Incorporated originally owned these products and eventually sold them to K-Line Trains which is in actuality a brand name for ‘S’ and ‘O’ gauge models of locomotives. At the early age of four, Maury Klein started manifesting utmost interest in toy trains watching intently battery powered trains make those endless loops on those toy train tracks. The most famous train sets during those days was the brand Lionel and he got one as a present at the age of six. Ho took it apart and tried to discern the ins and outs of a train and in1975, Maury Klein founded MDK Inc. which bore his initials.

Little did Maury realized that millions of people are fascinated with trains just like him and in 1974, while in school at the University of North Carolina, he was already earning through a small business selling train models via mail order. As his sales grew, he began to believe that there was enough opportunity for him to set up his own train company in the tinplate marketplace.

Claims for more shipments with the ever growing increase in orders of his model trains, Maury Klein built a building on a piece of land near Chapel Hill, North Carolina and this is where his mail order business started growing by leaps and bounds. His father entered the scene in 1979 to help Maury out in the making of new train models – the O27 and the ‘O’ gauge track now under the MDK K-Line, a brand and model of his own.

MDK sold many Lionel train brands and its closest competitor, MTH Electric Trains was likewise a huge dealer of these Lionel trains. While Maury’s mail order business grew, his ads appeared on well-known train magazines such as Model Railroader which was very famous towards the end of the decade 70’s.

Another competitor, Louis Marx and Company’s closed down finally in 1978 and this marked the ascent of Maury’s MDK K-Line of trains. Maury even bought the tooling and accessories formerly owned Marx and used it in his own production lines and he was able to buy all these heavy machineries and manufacturing paraphernalia at bankruptcy prices. He had a lot of the other tools Marx left behind by scavenging through the old warehouses and factories and eventually found the molds for the Marx 1947 model #333 pacific and #1829 4-6-2 Hudson locomotives in a run-down Fisher-Price warehouse a few meters away from Buffalo, New York. Part of the story was the warehouse was so dilapidated snow was falling off its roofing and the warehouse had no lights and no heating whatsoever and there they found the molds.

Maury again had some very fine acquisitions in the form of the Kusan rolling stock dies. These dies are design for building Auburn Model Trains which were American Model Trains as was earlier known. Williams Reproductions sold these dies to MDK K-Line in 1986 and in the same year, MDK was producingO27 locomotives, cars, and other figures.

Quality Public Education

In 2004 Forbes magazine ranked Raleigh, North Carolina’s Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), third in the nation for “Best Education in the Biggest Cities”. It’s no wonder, as Greater Raleigh is able to provide superior education opportunities in both public and private settings. WCPSS is a national leader on the education front. The school system boasts a solid high school graduation rate, great access to educational resources, and affordability in housing. All these factors, combined with it’s amazing programming make for an undeniably strong school system.

If you are moving to the Greater Raleigh area and want to know about specific WCPSS programming, read on:

K-12: The Formative Years

Committed to excellence, The Board of Education has adopted an ambitious goal. They aim to have 95 percent of WCPSS students in grades three through 12, at or above grade level by the end of this year! Such ambitious goals are indicative of a forward thinking and committed board, who are dedicated to providing the best education and ensuring that positive growth continues.

Parents in this area have a wide variety of educational options. There are many traditional public schools and also numerous private and special-needs schools. WCPSS offers over 20 programs in the district with 51 magnet schools. The award winning magnet school program provides creative approaches for teachers to reach students and to meet different student’s individual learning styles and needs. Magnet schools in the area, have been especially recognized with awards such as the United States Magnet School of Excellence of award and the Magnet School of Distinction award.

Recently the district received a portion of a 2.3 million dollar grant to open a health and life science themed high school aimed at developing students for both higher education and jobs in biotechnology and health care. Students at these schools will have the opportunity to participate in internship programs and will have access to community college and university level courses. There’s other grant funding in place which comes from the New Schools Project, an 11 million dollar grant that will create more than 100 new and redesigned high schools across the state.

Post- Secondary: Superior Education at Your Doorstep!

North Carolina State University, as one of the nation’s top research universities, is a great example of one the best post secondary options in Raleigh. Home to BTEC, The Golden LEAF Biomanfacturing Training and Education Center, this University is committed to providing a highly trained, industry-focused workforce. Dedicated to pursue “innovation in action”, NCSU partner’s with business’s, industry and government with a focus to collectively create innovative products and research.

The region’s community colleges also offer solid programs for those wishing to pursue technical, or specialized training in particular sectors of the workforce.

North Carolina community college is focused on biotechnology training to provide a highly trained workforce for the estimated 125,000 residents of NC who will be employed in this sector by 2025.

Wake Technical Community College is a leader in biological and chemical technology programs. They also offer North Carolina’s only community college lab facility for industrial pharmaceutical technology. As a state leader providing over 20% of all industry training offered by community colleges in the state, Wake Tech serves as a catalyst for economic growth and development. This exceptional community college assists thousands of businesses with its superior Small Business Center and New and Expanding Industry Program.

It is easy to see why Raleigh, North Carolina boasts one of America’s most educated workforces. If education is important to you and your family, consider Raleigh, North Carolina as a smart option for a solid future.

3 Retired Numbers of the ECHL’s South Carolina Stingrays

The South Carolina Stingrays have been members in the ECHL since the 1993-94 season. NHL multi-time 50 goal scorer Rick Vaive was the team’s first head coach, lasting for five years. The Stingrays have won the Kelly Cup championship on three occasions to date, the most recent in 2008-09. The team plays out of the 10,537 seat North Charleston Coliseum in North Charleston, South Carolina. Currently, the Stingrays are affiliated with the Boston Bruins of the NHL and the Providence Bruins of the American Hockey League. The team has retired three jersey numbers

Number 12 is retired in honour of the late Mark Bavis. Mark played just three years of pro hockey between 1993-94 and 1995-96 with a total of 87 regular season and 17 playoff games with South Carolina. Mark was selected in the ninth round of the 1989 NHL Entry Draft by the New York Rangers, 181st overall. He chose to play four years at Boston University between 1989-90 and 1992-93.

Bavis was working as a scout for the Los Angeles Kings when he was aboard flight 175 that hit the World Trade Center in New York City on September 11, 2001. Mark died beside fellow Kings scout Garnet ‘Ace’ Bailey. His jersey number was retired by the Stingrays just before the start of the 2001-02 ECHL season.

Number 14 is retired by Carolina in honour of David Seitz. David played nearly 500 regular season and nearly 60 playoff games with the Stingrays between 1996-97 and 2003-04. He totalled a very respectable 587 regular season and 73 playoff points over that time. His final season of pro hockey was played in 2004-05 with the Lubbock Cotton Kings of the Central Hockey League. Interspersed in his years with the Stingrays were 17 games with the Rochester Americans of the AHL and seven games with the Chicago Wolves of the IHL.

Seitz helped the Stingrays to two of their three Kelly Cup titles. In 1996-97, the Louisiana IceGators fell to Carolina four games to one. In 2000-01, it was another five game series with the Trenton Titans the victim. David was inducted into the ECHL Hall of Fame in 2012.

Number 24 is retired in honour of Brett Marietti. Brett is the only Canadian of the three players and played his junior hockey with the London Knights of the Ontario Hockey League before turning pro. With exception of 1993-94 when he played in the AHL with the Rochester Americans, Marietti played his entire pro hockey career with the Stingrays.

Between 1994-95 and 2002-03, Brett played 550 regular season games, contributing 481 points and sitting 1,127 minutes in the penalty box. He played 69 playoff games for the club and totalled 62 points. His jersey number was retired in 2003 and he served one season as assistant coach with the club in 2003-04.

Wine and BBQ – The Ultimate Faux Pas?

Can I drink wine at a BBQ?

The grill is fired up and the smell of smoky meat fills the air. The ultimate companion for BBQ, beer is chilling in ice buckets. The problem is I do not really care for beer. I do not care if an ice cold beer is the perfect complement to beer. So what's a girl to do when it's hot and humid and she's not a big beer drinker? Can you really drink wine at a BBQ? The answer is yes but pairing wine with BBQ can be tricky. The smokiness that makes BBQ so good can overpower a subtle wine. The sauces that are either brushed on or kept to the side can also conflict with the wines.

If you want to keep it simple go for a Zinfandel or mix up some pitchers of Sangria. Zinfandels have a strong intense fruity flavor that does not compete with the sauces and can hold up to the heat in some BBQ. Sangria is good because it has a cool fruity effect and can be made inexpensively in large quantities to help keep cool on a hot day.

Looking for a more precise pairing? You need to understand the types of BBQ you may encounter. Each region of the US has a claim to a unique BBQ style. There are 6 distinct types of barbeque that are the subject of intense debt over who makes it best.

East North Carolina BBQ – This BBQ tents have a whole hog and has a strong thin vinegar sauce. The pork has a lot of flavor and is extremely acidic. Go with a Riesling, a sweet wine. Wakefield Promised Land and Snoqualmie Naked Riesling are good bets. Think of it as the wine version of sweet tea. Another option would be a Barbera since its sweet and has a big flavor with a lot of tannin. Vajra Barbera d'Alba, or Michele Chiarlo Barbera d'Asti are good picks

Lexington North Carolina BBQ – A thicker sweeter version of East NC BBQ. Pair it with a Petite Syrah like Stags Leap Winery Petite Syrah

South Carolina Mustard BBQ – Another wet style BBQ with a sharp sweet and tangy sauce. Go with a intense rich wine

Memphis Style BBQ – The sauce is more of an accent to the ribs which are slowly smoked for hours. A Merlot like the Northstar Columbia Valley Merlot would be a good pairing

Kansas City BBQ – This bbq is sweet thick and hot. You need a bold assertive wine like a Cabernet Sauvignon blend or a Zinfandel.

Texas Style BBQ – This is all about the rub and brisket reigns in Texas. No wet covered sauce her. The BBQ sauce is definitely a sidekick and served on the side. I would go with a Tempranillo or a big pitcher of Sangria to keep cool in the Texas heat

If you decide to go with Sangria go with inexpensive wines. No need to pull out your expensive wines to make this wine "punch". Some good picks are:

  • Gnarly Head 2009 Old Vine Zinfandel
  • Williamette Vineyards Riesling
  • Tablelands Sauvignon Blanc
  • 3 Stones Sauvignon Blanc
  • Snoqualmie Sauvignon Blanc

Check out additional articles written by this author at Wine Storage Solution .

Waterfowl Hunting in Currituck County

Among the countless activities one can partake in while in Currituck County, North Carolina, hunting near the Currituck Sound has been popular with locals and visitors alike for many years. Currituck Sound was connected directly to the Atlantic Ocean until the early 1800s by one or more inlets through the Outer Banks. Shifting sands eventually closed the inlets, changing the Sound from a high-salinity estuarine environment to a low-salinity estuarine environment. The marshes and waters of Currituck sound became well known for prime water hunting grounds.

Since the early 1800s, the Currituck Sound is on the migration path for ducks, Canada geese, and other water birds. The village of Duck in Currituck County was named for the large numbers of waterfowl that once made their home in the area. Currituck Sound, which borders the Outer Banks from Kitty Hawk north to the Virginia Line, was once the most bountiful and popular waterfowl hunting destinations in the country. Historians noted that the fresh water of the Currituck Sound attracted so many water birds that when they lifted in flight, they would actually block out the sun.

In the late nineteenth century, northern businessmen began buying tracts of land in the marshes and the small islands to construct hunt clubs. The most famous of these is the Currituck Club in Corolla. In the winter months, hunters would arrive from Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey. Local residents would serve as caretakers, servants and guides, providing them with much needed income.

For over 75 years, Currituck’s waters were hunted until the bird population was nearly decimated. Stringent wildlife protection laws closed the hunt clubs and the population of waterfowl has steadily increased.

Before hunting for duck or other waterfowl, a few of rules and regulations must be followed:

o Public waterfowl hunting is allowed by permit only from designated sites in the Wildlife Refuge. A North Carolina Waterfowl Hunt Permit or a Refuge Hunt permit, a valid hunting license, State and Federal waterfowl stamps must be carried when hunting.

o Youth hunters (under the age of 16) may participate in any hunt provided they have passed the State-approved hunter safety course and are accompanied by an adult who is at least 21 years old.

o November to January is state waterfowl season. Mid-January through March is snow geese only season. Hunting is only allowed on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

o All hunters are subject to inspections of permits, licenses, bag limits, hunting equipment, boats, vehicles and their contents during compliance checks.

o Possession of alcoholic beverages is prohibited while hunting.

o Taking any wildlife or plants away from the designated hunting areas is prohibited

o Use of an un-permitted guide is prohibited.

o Littering is prohibited. If you pack it in, pack it out.

James Taylor, "Carolina In My Mind", and A 40 Year Old Mystery

When songwriters name a specific person (and sometimes even when they don’t) there’s often widespread speculation about who they’re talking about. The most familiar example is the intense guessing game that erupted when Carly Simon released “You’re so vain”. Well, her husband at the time, James Taylor, had ignited a guessing game of his own long before he married her when he wrote and released “Carolina in my mind”.

Taylor wrote the song in multiple locations, starting in London at the flat of his producer Peter Asher. He continued working on it while taking an island holiday in the Mediterranean and finally finished it on another nearby island. Taylor poured into the song all of his homesickness for North Carolina.

He also tossed into the song his feelings of intimidation. The song was recorded at the very same studio where the Beatles were in the midst of recording the “White Album”. This is what he meant when he referred to “… a holy host of others standing ’round me… still I’m on the dark side of the moon”.

But the mystery I’m referring to comes right in the very first verse:

“Karen she’s the silver sun, you best walk her way and watch it shine, watch her watch the morning come… “

Karen? Who the heck is Karen? Was she a real person? Or maybe a nickname for his home state of Carolina? Or a slang reference to his heroin addiction?

There is an answer to the mystery but Taylor didn’t reveal it until 2009, roughly forty years after he composed and recorded the song. Karen was a real person whom he had just met. It seems that when he was on his Mediterranean island getaway he ran into her on the island of Ibiza, just off the Spanish coast near the city of Valencia. Whatever relationship they did or did not have at the time was brief; he never saw her again. But he remembered her vividly forever after. He described her as Scandinavian, approximately twenty-four years old with shoulder length blonde hair. His memory of her was so powerful that decades later with the coming of the Internet Taylor decided to make a serious attempt to contact her. He even contacted a police artist, whom he commissioned to compose a drawing of what she might look like after so many years. Taylor liked the sketch that resulted but subsequently was unable to stop thinking of her as a criminal!

I wish I could report to you that using the sketch and the Internet that Taylor was able to track her down. Regrettably, I can’t. But at least he got a lovely song out of it.

Wherever she is right now, assuming that she’s still alive, she might be lamenting that she didn’t try to find a way to continue her relationship with the tall, lanky young American songwriter she ran into so long ago. I wonder how she feels whenever she hears James Taylor singing “Carolina in my mind”?

More Home Inspection Surprises

When inspecting homes, ordinary doors can provide a surprise. Some doors lead to rooms, some doors lead to a dark void, and some doors are curiously locked. Sometimes you get all three.

I was inspecting a large vacation home north of Cashiers, North Carolina, on a fast running creek. It was full of boulders, twists and turns, and waterfalls. The drive to the home was narrow and steep, leading to a heavy gate. The remote the agent gave me worked, and the gates slowly opened on complaining hinges.

The house was beautifully built into the side of the granite ledges, with stunning floor to ceiling windows. Although the home had a small footprint – perhaps 1500 square feet – two stories towered upwards, taking advantage of the very steep lot. The home had been foreclosed on, and was now vacant.

The first part of the inspection on the first floor revealed no anomalies. I started up the stairs to move upwards and noticed a closet door with a deadbolt lock. When you see something like this, owners are usually trying to protect something. Normally I note in the report that I could not access the closet or room, but in this case the bank was the owner and I doubted that they knew anything about this locked door.

I quickly got on the phone to the real estate agent.

“I’ll call the bank,” she said.

Three minutes later the phone rang.

“No one has a key to that door. If we did I’d say enter and report what you find. Can you pick it?”

“I’m no locksmith. No problem, I’ll put it in my report,” I said and hung up.

But I was curious.

I ran my hand across the top of the door trim which is where I “hide” a key. My fingers encountered an object with Velcro stuck to the trim. A key! I put the key in the lock and tried rotating it. It worked! Leaving the key in the tumbler, I turned the knob and opened the door.

A black void.

I pulled out my flashlight and aimed it into the area. A black metal circular staircase came into view. Now I felt like Nancy Drew. I started slowly down the narrow stairs and began to hear the sound of water. When I reached the bottom, my feet were on an uneven stone floor and I was in a room about six by six feet with two more doors in the walls. I looked around for a switch. I found it on the opposite wall. I flipped the switch and light filled the room. I was amazed to see that the walls were carved into the cliff.

One closet was a tiny space with an electrical box. The other door was locked with a deadbolt like the one upstairs.

“Oh! I left the key upstairs,” I said to myself. “Shoot, I’ll have to go back up and get it.”

I went back up the circular staircase to retrieve it. I moved back down the stairs to the locked door. The key worked, and I opened the door. I was in a very narrow passageway. The walls were solid rock and I could see the furrows where blasting caps had been used. I was feeling a little claustrophobic. Should I keep going?

The sound of water grew stronger as I moved slowly down the cavern path. After traveling 12 feet, I was suddenly outside! The waterfall that was visible from inside the home was directly in front of me.

What a surprise! Never underestimate what might be behind a locked door.

All About Securities – Debt, Equity, and Derivative Contracts

Sometimes it is difficult to know which part of the law applies to your case, especially if you are dealing with what an outsider may view as a complicated financial dispute. If you hold North Carolina securities, where do you go for help? Rest assured, there are attorneys in business and financial law who can advise you in regards securities that you may hold. But until you have retained the services of a local lawyer, let’s get up to speed on the terminology of securities law so you are ready for your first appointment.

What are securities?

A security is a fungible, negotiable instrument representing financial value. Most securities will be represented either by a certificate, or more commonly, will be in electronic form only (non-certificated). As in the rest of the country, North Carolina securities certificates will be either “bearer” or “registered”. A bearer securities certificate is one that entitles the holder to rights simply by holding the security. A registered certificate is one that only entitles the holder to rights if their name appears on a security register maintained by the issuer or the issuers appointed intermediary.

Securities include shares of corporate stock or mutual funds, corporation or government issued bonds, stock options or other options, limited partnership units, and various other formal investment instruments. In North Carolina, securities may be issued by commercial companies, government agencies, local authorities and international and supranational organizations (such as the World Bank). The primary goal of purchasing securities is investment, with an eventual aim of receiving income or capital gain; (capital gain being the difference between a lower buying price and a higher selling price).

Securities are broadly categorized into three categories.

1. Debt securities:

These include debentures, bonds, deposits, notes and commercial paper (in some circumstances). If you hold one of these debt securities, your North Carolina securities attorney will advise that you are usually entitled to the payment of principal and interest on these. There may also be contractual rights a good lawyer will advise you of, including the right to information.

Debt securities are usually fixed term securities redeemable at the end of the term, they may be secured or unsecured or protected by collateral. Debt securities may offer some control to investors if the company is a start-up or an established business undergoing ‘restructuring’. In these cases, if interest payments are missed, the creditors may take control of the company and liquidate it to recover some of their investment. People favor buying debt securities because of the usually higher rate of return than bank deposits. However, debt securities issued by a government (bonds) usually have a lower interest rate than securities issued by commercial companies. This applies nationally and to North Carolina securities.

2. Equity securities:

Common stock is the most popular type of equity security. Investors are called shareholders and they own a share of the equity interest of capital stock of a company, trust or partnership. It is like saying someone who invests in equity securities is buying a tiny part of a company (or a large part, depending on your budget!). As an investor you are not necessarily entitled to any payment, like the regular interest payment of a debt security. If a company goes bankrupt it is possible to lose your entire investment, as shareholders get paid last. If this happens it might be a good time to call your North Carolina securities lawyer for advice.

On the plus side, investing in equity securities can gives a shareholder access to profits and capital gains, something debt securities will not. The holder of debt securities receives only interest and repayment of principal no matter how well the issuer performs financially. Equity investment may also offer control of the business of the issuer.

3. Derivative contracts:

If you have invested in forwards, futures, options and/or swaps you have probably purchased a derivative. A derivative is perhaps obviously, derived from some other asset, index, event, value or condition (known as the underlying asset). Rather than trade or exchange the underlying asset, derivative traders enter into agreements to exchange cash or assets over time based on the underlying asset. A simple example is a futures contract: an agreement to exchange the underlying asset at a future date.

An attorney can provide more information about securities

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list of legitimate forms of securities. If you purchased what you were lead to believe was a type of security but it is not covered in the information here, don’t panic! However, for you own piece of mind, contact a securities lawyer if you believe that you have been a victim of securities fraud, if have been accused of securities fraud or a related crime, or if you simply have a legal question about buying or selling securities.

Sabal Palms III: Sabal palmetto and Minor Sabal Species

Continuing on with our series on hardy palms is the species Sabal palmetto, the palm that is on the state flag of South Carolina and Florida. The following descriptions highlight the tremendous variety of the species.

Sabal palmetto (Palmetto Palm)

The 40′ tall S. palmetto is the dominant trunked palm in the Southeast US. Its native range ranges from Florida north to coastal North Carolina. Like S. minor, the cultivars are seed grown and represent particular genetic populations. (Hardiness Zone 8-10)

S. palmetto ‘Bald Head Island’ (Bald Head Island Palmetto Palm)

The most northern native stand of S. palmettos in the country resides on Bald Head Island, NC. We have found seedlings from these plants to be particularly winter hardy in our climate, showing no damage since 1999. (Hardiness Zone 7b-10)

S. palmetto ‘Lisa’ (Lisa Palmetto Palm)

This is a most unusual congested leaf form of S. palmetto, and reportedly one that has exceptional winter hardiness. I have yet to try this in the ground in Zone 7b. (Hardiness Zone 8-10, guessing)

S. palmetto ‘Mt. Holly’ (Mt. Holly Palmetto Palm)

This is another exceptionally winter hardy form of S. palmetto grown from seed of a plant in Mt. Holly (west of Charlotte), North Carolina. Planted in the 1960s, these 18-20′ palms have survived -5 degrees F in their current location. We have had these in the garden since 1999 without any sign of damage. The foliage on this form is much narrower than what we think of as a typical S. palmetto.

S. palmetto ‘Rock Hill’ (Rock Hill Palmetto Palm)

These S. palmettos are from a stand in Rock Hill, SC (just south of Charlotte NC). They were planted in the 1950s, and survived the record low temperature of -8 degrees F in, 1984/85. The leaves of this form are much wider than the S. palmetto ‘Mt. Holly’ form, and have shown slightly less winter hardiness in our trials. (Hardiness Zone 7b-10)

S. palmetto ‘Tifton Hardy’ (Tifton Hardy Palmetto Palm)

This seed strain of the southeast native S. palmetto was collected by retired City of Raleigh horticulturist Noel Weston on a trip through Tifton, Georgia after the 1980s freeze that killed most of the palmettos. Noel found an undamaged specimen at a Tifton hotel and collected seed. Expect a 10′ trunk in 15 years. The leaves on this form are wide like S. palmetto ‘Rock Hill’. (Hardiness Zone 7b-10)

S. rosei (Savannah Palmetto)

This little known palm hails from Mexico’s West Coast, where it can be found in tropical deciduous forests to 2,500′ elevation from Culiacan south to Guadalajara. The 40′ tall palms resemble the east coast S. palmetto, but with very stiff costapalmate leaves. Plants at Georgia’s Bamboo Farm have taken 15 degrees F, and Alabama’s Hayes Jackson reports that his plants have withstood 8 degrees F, so we think these are worth a try for gardeners willing to experiment. S. rosei prefers well-draining soils and sites in full sun. Small plants in our garden survived 9 degrees F in 2009, although the foliage burned off. (Hardiness Zone 8b-10, at least)

Sabal sp. Tamaulipas (Mexican Scrub Palm)

(aka: S. minor YD 17-55) This unique, garden-worthy palm has been lumped into S. minor, which is bizarre if you have grown these two plants side by side. Sabal sp. Tamaulipas is a S. minor on steroids growing three times as fast, with much larger leaves, and much larger seed. The 6′ wide costapalmate (bends in the middle) leaves adorn the 8′ tall clumps. Our parent plant is from a 1988 Yucca Do seed expedition into Tamaulipas, Mexico, where these palms were found around 1,500′ elevation. Although seemingly trunkless, older specimens develop a horizontal trunk up to 4′ long that lays on the ground. Our oldest plants, installed in 1997, have reached 8′ in height. (Hardiness Zone 7b-10)

S. uresana (Sonoran Palmetto)

From up to 4500′ elevation in the valleys and foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental (states of Sonora and Chihuahua) in Western Mexico comes this relative of Sabal palmetto that has performed well in East Coast Zone 8 gardens. S. uresana is very slow, but eventually (in your grand-kids lifetime) makes a stunning 30′ tall tree with costapalmate silvery-green leaves and a contrasting dark brown trunk. If you enjoy experimenting, Sabal uresana is a good one to try.