Wine and BBQ – The Ultimate Faux Pas?

Can I drink wine at a BBQ?

The grill is fired up and the smell of smoky meat fills the air. The ultimate companion for BBQ, beer is chilling in ice buckets. The problem is I do not really care for beer. I do not care if an ice cold beer is the perfect complement to beer. So what's a girl to do when it's hot and humid and she's not a big beer drinker? Can you really drink wine at a BBQ? The answer is yes but pairing wine with BBQ can be tricky. The smokiness that makes BBQ so good can overpower a subtle wine. The sauces that are either brushed on or kept to the side can also conflict with the wines.

If you want to keep it simple go for a Zinfandel or mix up some pitchers of Sangria. Zinfandels have a strong intense fruity flavor that does not compete with the sauces and can hold up to the heat in some BBQ. Sangria is good because it has a cool fruity effect and can be made inexpensively in large quantities to help keep cool on a hot day.

Looking for a more precise pairing? You need to understand the types of BBQ you may encounter. Each region of the US has a claim to a unique BBQ style. There are 6 distinct types of barbeque that are the subject of intense debt over who makes it best.

East North Carolina BBQ – This BBQ tents have a whole hog and has a strong thin vinegar sauce. The pork has a lot of flavor and is extremely acidic. Go with a Riesling, a sweet wine. Wakefield Promised Land and Snoqualmie Naked Riesling are good bets. Think of it as the wine version of sweet tea. Another option would be a Barbera since its sweet and has a big flavor with a lot of tannin. Vajra Barbera d'Alba, or Michele Chiarlo Barbera d'Asti are good picks

Lexington North Carolina BBQ – A thicker sweeter version of East NC BBQ. Pair it with a Petite Syrah like Stags Leap Winery Petite Syrah

South Carolina Mustard BBQ – Another wet style BBQ with a sharp sweet and tangy sauce. Go with a intense rich wine

Memphis Style BBQ – The sauce is more of an accent to the ribs which are slowly smoked for hours. A Merlot like the Northstar Columbia Valley Merlot would be a good pairing

Kansas City BBQ – This bbq is sweet thick and hot. You need a bold assertive wine like a Cabernet Sauvignon blend or a Zinfandel.

Texas Style BBQ – This is all about the rub and brisket reigns in Texas. No wet covered sauce her. The BBQ sauce is definitely a sidekick and served on the side. I would go with a Tempranillo or a big pitcher of Sangria to keep cool in the Texas heat

If you decide to go with Sangria go with inexpensive wines. No need to pull out your expensive wines to make this wine "punch". Some good picks are:

  • Gnarly Head 2009 Old Vine Zinfandel
  • Williamette Vineyards Riesling
  • Tablelands Sauvignon Blanc
  • 3 Stones Sauvignon Blanc
  • Snoqualmie Sauvignon Blanc

Check out additional articles written by this author at Wine Storage Solution .

Waterfowl Hunting in Currituck County

Among the countless activities one can partake in while in Currituck County, North Carolina, hunting near the Currituck Sound has been popular with locals and visitors alike for many years. Currituck Sound was connected directly to the Atlantic Ocean until the early 1800s by one or more inlets through the Outer Banks. Shifting sands eventually closed the inlets, changing the Sound from a high-salinity estuarine environment to a low-salinity estuarine environment. The marshes and waters of Currituck sound became well known for prime water hunting grounds.

Since the early 1800s, the Currituck Sound is on the migration path for ducks, Canada geese, and other water birds. The village of Duck in Currituck County was named for the large numbers of waterfowl that once made their home in the area. Currituck Sound, which borders the Outer Banks from Kitty Hawk north to the Virginia Line, was once the most bountiful and popular waterfowl hunting destinations in the country. Historians noted that the fresh water of the Currituck Sound attracted so many water birds that when they lifted in flight, they would actually block out the sun.

In the late nineteenth century, northern businessmen began buying tracts of land in the marshes and the small islands to construct hunt clubs. The most famous of these is the Currituck Club in Corolla. In the winter months, hunters would arrive from Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey. Local residents would serve as caretakers, servants and guides, providing them with much needed income.

For over 75 years, Currituck’s waters were hunted until the bird population was nearly decimated. Stringent wildlife protection laws closed the hunt clubs and the population of waterfowl has steadily increased.

Before hunting for duck or other waterfowl, a few of rules and regulations must be followed:

o Public waterfowl hunting is allowed by permit only from designated sites in the Wildlife Refuge. A North Carolina Waterfowl Hunt Permit or a Refuge Hunt permit, a valid hunting license, State and Federal waterfowl stamps must be carried when hunting.

o Youth hunters (under the age of 16) may participate in any hunt provided they have passed the State-approved hunter safety course and are accompanied by an adult who is at least 21 years old.

o November to January is state waterfowl season. Mid-January through March is snow geese only season. Hunting is only allowed on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

o All hunters are subject to inspections of permits, licenses, bag limits, hunting equipment, boats, vehicles and their contents during compliance checks.

o Possession of alcoholic beverages is prohibited while hunting.

o Taking any wildlife or plants away from the designated hunting areas is prohibited

o Use of an un-permitted guide is prohibited.

o Littering is prohibited. If you pack it in, pack it out.

James Taylor, "Carolina In My Mind", and A 40 Year Old Mystery

When songwriters name a specific person (and sometimes even when they don’t) there’s often widespread speculation about who they’re talking about. The most familiar example is the intense guessing game that erupted when Carly Simon released “You’re so vain”. Well, her husband at the time, James Taylor, had ignited a guessing game of his own long before he married her when he wrote and released “Carolina in my mind”.

Taylor wrote the song in multiple locations, starting in London at the flat of his producer Peter Asher. He continued working on it while taking an island holiday in the Mediterranean and finally finished it on another nearby island. Taylor poured into the song all of his homesickness for North Carolina.

He also tossed into the song his feelings of intimidation. The song was recorded at the very same studio where the Beatles were in the midst of recording the “White Album”. This is what he meant when he referred to “… a holy host of others standing ’round me… still I’m on the dark side of the moon”.

But the mystery I’m referring to comes right in the very first verse:

“Karen she’s the silver sun, you best walk her way and watch it shine, watch her watch the morning come… “

Karen? Who the heck is Karen? Was she a real person? Or maybe a nickname for his home state of Carolina? Or a slang reference to his heroin addiction?

There is an answer to the mystery but Taylor didn’t reveal it until 2009, roughly forty years after he composed and recorded the song. Karen was a real person whom he had just met. It seems that when he was on his Mediterranean island getaway he ran into her on the island of Ibiza, just off the Spanish coast near the city of Valencia. Whatever relationship they did or did not have at the time was brief; he never saw her again. But he remembered her vividly forever after. He described her as Scandinavian, approximately twenty-four years old with shoulder length blonde hair. His memory of her was so powerful that decades later with the coming of the Internet Taylor decided to make a serious attempt to contact her. He even contacted a police artist, whom he commissioned to compose a drawing of what she might look like after so many years. Taylor liked the sketch that resulted but subsequently was unable to stop thinking of her as a criminal!

I wish I could report to you that using the sketch and the Internet that Taylor was able to track her down. Regrettably, I can’t. But at least he got a lovely song out of it.

Wherever she is right now, assuming that she’s still alive, she might be lamenting that she didn’t try to find a way to continue her relationship with the tall, lanky young American songwriter she ran into so long ago. I wonder how she feels whenever she hears James Taylor singing “Carolina in my mind”?

More Home Inspection Surprises

When inspecting homes, ordinary doors can provide a surprise. Some doors lead to rooms, some doors lead to a dark void, and some doors are curiously locked. Sometimes you get all three.

I was inspecting a large vacation home north of Cashiers, North Carolina, on a fast running creek. It was full of boulders, twists and turns, and waterfalls. The drive to the home was narrow and steep, leading to a heavy gate. The remote the agent gave me worked, and the gates slowly opened on complaining hinges.

The house was beautifully built into the side of the granite ledges, with stunning floor to ceiling windows. Although the home had a small footprint – perhaps 1500 square feet – two stories towered upwards, taking advantage of the very steep lot. The home had been foreclosed on, and was now vacant.

The first part of the inspection on the first floor revealed no anomalies. I started up the stairs to move upwards and noticed a closet door with a deadbolt lock. When you see something like this, owners are usually trying to protect something. Normally I note in the report that I could not access the closet or room, but in this case the bank was the owner and I doubted that they knew anything about this locked door.

I quickly got on the phone to the real estate agent.

“I’ll call the bank,” she said.

Three minutes later the phone rang.

“No one has a key to that door. If we did I’d say enter and report what you find. Can you pick it?”

“I’m no locksmith. No problem, I’ll put it in my report,” I said and hung up.

But I was curious.

I ran my hand across the top of the door trim which is where I “hide” a key. My fingers encountered an object with Velcro stuck to the trim. A key! I put the key in the lock and tried rotating it. It worked! Leaving the key in the tumbler, I turned the knob and opened the door.

A black void.

I pulled out my flashlight and aimed it into the area. A black metal circular staircase came into view. Now I felt like Nancy Drew. I started slowly down the narrow stairs and began to hear the sound of water. When I reached the bottom, my feet were on an uneven stone floor and I was in a room about six by six feet with two more doors in the walls. I looked around for a switch. I found it on the opposite wall. I flipped the switch and light filled the room. I was amazed to see that the walls were carved into the cliff.

One closet was a tiny space with an electrical box. The other door was locked with a deadbolt like the one upstairs.

“Oh! I left the key upstairs,” I said to myself. “Shoot, I’ll have to go back up and get it.”

I went back up the circular staircase to retrieve it. I moved back down the stairs to the locked door. The key worked, and I opened the door. I was in a very narrow passageway. The walls were solid rock and I could see the furrows where blasting caps had been used. I was feeling a little claustrophobic. Should I keep going?

The sound of water grew stronger as I moved slowly down the cavern path. After traveling 12 feet, I was suddenly outside! The waterfall that was visible from inside the home was directly in front of me.

What a surprise! Never underestimate what might be behind a locked door.

All About Securities – Debt, Equity, and Derivative Contracts

Sometimes it is difficult to know which part of the law applies to your case, especially if you are dealing with what an outsider may view as a complicated financial dispute. If you hold North Carolina securities, where do you go for help? Rest assured, there are attorneys in business and financial law who can advise you in regards securities that you may hold. But until you have retained the services of a local lawyer, let’s get up to speed on the terminology of securities law so you are ready for your first appointment.

What are securities?

A security is a fungible, negotiable instrument representing financial value. Most securities will be represented either by a certificate, or more commonly, will be in electronic form only (non-certificated). As in the rest of the country, North Carolina securities certificates will be either “bearer” or “registered”. A bearer securities certificate is one that entitles the holder to rights simply by holding the security. A registered certificate is one that only entitles the holder to rights if their name appears on a security register maintained by the issuer or the issuers appointed intermediary.

Securities include shares of corporate stock or mutual funds, corporation or government issued bonds, stock options or other options, limited partnership units, and various other formal investment instruments. In North Carolina, securities may be issued by commercial companies, government agencies, local authorities and international and supranational organizations (such as the World Bank). The primary goal of purchasing securities is investment, with an eventual aim of receiving income or capital gain; (capital gain being the difference between a lower buying price and a higher selling price).

Securities are broadly categorized into three categories.

1. Debt securities:

These include debentures, bonds, deposits, notes and commercial paper (in some circumstances). If you hold one of these debt securities, your North Carolina securities attorney will advise that you are usually entitled to the payment of principal and interest on these. There may also be contractual rights a good lawyer will advise you of, including the right to information.

Debt securities are usually fixed term securities redeemable at the end of the term, they may be secured or unsecured or protected by collateral. Debt securities may offer some control to investors if the company is a start-up or an established business undergoing ‘restructuring’. In these cases, if interest payments are missed, the creditors may take control of the company and liquidate it to recover some of their investment. People favor buying debt securities because of the usually higher rate of return than bank deposits. However, debt securities issued by a government (bonds) usually have a lower interest rate than securities issued by commercial companies. This applies nationally and to North Carolina securities.

2. Equity securities:

Common stock is the most popular type of equity security. Investors are called shareholders and they own a share of the equity interest of capital stock of a company, trust or partnership. It is like saying someone who invests in equity securities is buying a tiny part of a company (or a large part, depending on your budget!). As an investor you are not necessarily entitled to any payment, like the regular interest payment of a debt security. If a company goes bankrupt it is possible to lose your entire investment, as shareholders get paid last. If this happens it might be a good time to call your North Carolina securities lawyer for advice.

On the plus side, investing in equity securities can gives a shareholder access to profits and capital gains, something debt securities will not. The holder of debt securities receives only interest and repayment of principal no matter how well the issuer performs financially. Equity investment may also offer control of the business of the issuer.

3. Derivative contracts:

If you have invested in forwards, futures, options and/or swaps you have probably purchased a derivative. A derivative is perhaps obviously, derived from some other asset, index, event, value or condition (known as the underlying asset). Rather than trade or exchange the underlying asset, derivative traders enter into agreements to exchange cash or assets over time based on the underlying asset. A simple example is a futures contract: an agreement to exchange the underlying asset at a future date.

An attorney can provide more information about securities

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list of legitimate forms of securities. If you purchased what you were lead to believe was a type of security but it is not covered in the information here, don’t panic! However, for you own piece of mind, contact a securities lawyer if you believe that you have been a victim of securities fraud, if have been accused of securities fraud or a related crime, or if you simply have a legal question about buying or selling securities.

Sabal Palms III: Sabal palmetto and Minor Sabal Species

Continuing on with our series on hardy palms is the species Sabal palmetto, the palm that is on the state flag of South Carolina and Florida. The following descriptions highlight the tremendous variety of the species.

Sabal palmetto (Palmetto Palm)

The 40′ tall S. palmetto is the dominant trunked palm in the Southeast US. Its native range ranges from Florida north to coastal North Carolina. Like S. minor, the cultivars are seed grown and represent particular genetic populations. (Hardiness Zone 8-10)

S. palmetto ‘Bald Head Island’ (Bald Head Island Palmetto Palm)

The most northern native stand of S. palmettos in the country resides on Bald Head Island, NC. We have found seedlings from these plants to be particularly winter hardy in our climate, showing no damage since 1999. (Hardiness Zone 7b-10)

S. palmetto ‘Lisa’ (Lisa Palmetto Palm)

This is a most unusual congested leaf form of S. palmetto, and reportedly one that has exceptional winter hardiness. I have yet to try this in the ground in Zone 7b. (Hardiness Zone 8-10, guessing)

S. palmetto ‘Mt. Holly’ (Mt. Holly Palmetto Palm)

This is another exceptionally winter hardy form of S. palmetto grown from seed of a plant in Mt. Holly (west of Charlotte), North Carolina. Planted in the 1960s, these 18-20′ palms have survived -5 degrees F in their current location. We have had these in the garden since 1999 without any sign of damage. The foliage on this form is much narrower than what we think of as a typical S. palmetto.

S. palmetto ‘Rock Hill’ (Rock Hill Palmetto Palm)

These S. palmettos are from a stand in Rock Hill, SC (just south of Charlotte NC). They were planted in the 1950s, and survived the record low temperature of -8 degrees F in, 1984/85. The leaves of this form are much wider than the S. palmetto ‘Mt. Holly’ form, and have shown slightly less winter hardiness in our trials. (Hardiness Zone 7b-10)

S. palmetto ‘Tifton Hardy’ (Tifton Hardy Palmetto Palm)

This seed strain of the southeast native S. palmetto was collected by retired City of Raleigh horticulturist Noel Weston on a trip through Tifton, Georgia after the 1980s freeze that killed most of the palmettos. Noel found an undamaged specimen at a Tifton hotel and collected seed. Expect a 10′ trunk in 15 years. The leaves on this form are wide like S. palmetto ‘Rock Hill’. (Hardiness Zone 7b-10)

S. rosei (Savannah Palmetto)

This little known palm hails from Mexico’s West Coast, where it can be found in tropical deciduous forests to 2,500′ elevation from Culiacan south to Guadalajara. The 40′ tall palms resemble the east coast S. palmetto, but with very stiff costapalmate leaves. Plants at Georgia’s Bamboo Farm have taken 15 degrees F, and Alabama’s Hayes Jackson reports that his plants have withstood 8 degrees F, so we think these are worth a try for gardeners willing to experiment. S. rosei prefers well-draining soils and sites in full sun. Small plants in our garden survived 9 degrees F in 2009, although the foliage burned off. (Hardiness Zone 8b-10, at least)

Sabal sp. Tamaulipas (Mexican Scrub Palm)

(aka: S. minor YD 17-55) This unique, garden-worthy palm has been lumped into S. minor, which is bizarre if you have grown these two plants side by side. Sabal sp. Tamaulipas is a S. minor on steroids growing three times as fast, with much larger leaves, and much larger seed. The 6′ wide costapalmate (bends in the middle) leaves adorn the 8′ tall clumps. Our parent plant is from a 1988 Yucca Do seed expedition into Tamaulipas, Mexico, where these palms were found around 1,500′ elevation. Although seemingly trunkless, older specimens develop a horizontal trunk up to 4′ long that lays on the ground. Our oldest plants, installed in 1997, have reached 8′ in height. (Hardiness Zone 7b-10)

S. uresana (Sonoran Palmetto)

From up to 4500′ elevation in the valleys and foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental (states of Sonora and Chihuahua) in Western Mexico comes this relative of Sabal palmetto that has performed well in East Coast Zone 8 gardens. S. uresana is very slow, but eventually (in your grand-kids lifetime) makes a stunning 30′ tall tree with costapalmate silvery-green leaves and a contrasting dark brown trunk. If you enjoy experimenting, Sabal uresana is a good one to try.

Asheville – Cosmopolitan City Meets Luxury Mountain Getaway

When planning a North Carolina getaway, Asheville is a must see on the travel-destination list. The allure of Western North Carolina’s largest city is becoming widespread and Asheville has been touted as the “Paris of the South.” The New York Times calls it a “surprisingly cosmopolitan city.”

What makes Asheville unique is that the sizzle of the city is within a stone’s throw of great outdoor adventure. Natural Geographic Adventure Magazine ranks Asheville the number one out of ten cities for popular outdoor sports in the region.

Charlotte, Raleigh/Durham and Atlanta’s close proximity to Asheville make it a perfect vacation destination when planning either a luxury-style mountain getaway or a family vacation.

Asheville boasts a vast array of accommodations. There is everything from luxury condominium rentals with 24-hour concierge service to more traditional mountain getaways. So, whether you are planning a corporate trip, romantic getaway, golf vacation, or fishing expedition, Asheville has something for everyone. Some accommodations are even pet friendly. Try booking during the weekdays to beat the weekend crowds and receive more discounts.

Asheville, North Carolina: Experience the Best in Mountain Travel

Downtown Asheville is a pedestrian-friendly city. Its unique skyline of art-deco style buildings are surrounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains. The city has a year-round population of 74,000 and is home to America’s largest privately-owned home, the Biltmore Estate, and the historic Grove Park Inn. While accommodations are available at both, most people visit these urban legends and choose to enjoy other Asheville hotels and luxury mountain getaways.

“The Biltmore Estate and the Grove Park Inn are great places to visit,” Marge Nusser of New York, NY said, “but I prefer to seek out accommodations that are a bit more intimate, yet still upscale in their services.” Many accommodations offer discounted or complementary tickets to such attractions as the Biltmore Estate.

A fun way to kick start your mountain travel experience is to stroll through the Asheville Urban Trail. This 1.7 mile, self-guided tour stops at over 30 stations throughout the downtown area. “This trail gave me a handle on the downtown sites in less than one hour,” Howard Fortune, an Atlanta resident, explained. “I came here for the great outdoor activities, but quickly learned my way around the city.”

Downtown Asheville is primarily comprised of independent businesses. In today’s age of super-sized malls, the change is refreshing. Eclectic art galleries, micro-breweries and cozy cafes can be found at every turn. Asheville is also a food lover’s paradise and culinary offerings range from traditional southern comfort food to four-star cuisine. Bill Dykeman, a retired chef from Raleigh said, “Asheville has food from around the globe.”

Discover the Outdoors: Plan the Perfect North Carolina Mountain Getaway

When leaving downtown, choices still abound. The mountains that surround Asheville and the four major rivers that encompass the area make this an outdoor enthusiast’s dream mountain getaway. Take advantage of the travel concierge services at one of Asheville’s luxurious hotels. They can make dinner reservations, arrange for tee times, schedule outdoor events, and more.

In summer, whitewater rafting, hiking parts of the Appalachian Trail and fly fishing one of the hundreds of trout streams for native brook trout, rainbow or trophy brown trout are some of the more popular activities. Karl Danielson, a Charlotte native, avid golfer and fly fisherman explains that he can stay at a luxury condominium rental with concierge services that directs him to the some of the best trout streams east of the Mississippi. “And, the next morning I have a tee time at a Jack Nicklaus-designed golf course within minutes from my room,” he added.

Nearby excursions include Chimney Rock State Park and Lake Lure to the south. To the west, there is Great Smoky National Park, and to the east, Mount Mitchell, the highest peak east of the Rockies. Blowing Rock and Grandfather Mountain sit to the north and are filled with natural wonders that promise to enhance any romantic mountain getaway or family vacation plan.

Asheville is a year-round playground. The holiday season abounds with light festivals, Inn tours, dazzling sites at the Biltmore House, exceptional shopping and the famous Gingerbread House competition at the Grove Park Inn. Winter brings skiers and snowboarders to the area and spring is a wonderful time to explore the beautiful gardens at the North Carolina Arboretum.

So, next time you are planning a weekend mountain getaway or an extended stay, think Asheville where their motto is “altitude affects attitude.”

Book Review of Pushing the Bear by Diane Glancy

Pushing the Bear by Diane Glancy was about the Cherokee Indians’ plight on the Trail of Tears. By using both fictional characters and actual historical figures intertwined with actual primary sources, Glancy weaved a convincing story that tells the human experience of the Trail of Tears. Through the eyes of the fictional characters, Maritole and Knowbowtie, the reader was able to sense the despair, uncertainty and upheaval that the Cherokee must have endured. The trauma of being forcibly uprooted stripped the Cherokee of their identity and dignity. This truth unfolds as Maritole and Knowbowtie struggle to survive. In addition, soldiers, who accompanied the Cherokee along the trail, were both antagonistic and friendly. Glancy uses the fictional character, Williams to demonstrate this.

The story began as the soldiers came to Maritole’s farm in North Carolina to take her and her family to the stockade. This scene was especially traumatic because Maritole identified herself through her land, cabin and personal possessions all of which was inherited from her grandmother. Maritole believed her grandmother’s spirit still roamed the premises. Therefore, removal to Maritole meant losing her grandmother, heritage and family values as well as her identity.

After being removed from her farm, Maritole was allowed to return to her cabin to get a few things her family would need on the trail. Her husband, Knowbowtie, told her to get his musket, coat and a few other things as well. When Maritole arrived at her cabin, she found a white family living there, using her possessions as their own. Maritole’s anger overshadowed her judgment and prevented her from getting all that she had come for. If it wasn’t for a soldier, she would not have even recovered her cooking pot and blankets. Even if she had not lost her temper, it would be doubtful that Maritole could have recovered any of her possessions without the presence of the soldiers. The white family living there would have felt that all that was in the cabin belonged to them. Although, Maritole did not intentionally forget his things, Knowbowtie felt betrayed. After this event, Knowbowtie abandoned Maritole and began walking with his mother and sister. To further Knowbowtie’s sense of betrayal, the soldier named Williams, who chose Maritole to return to her cabin, took a romantic interest in her. It would have been obvious to anyone because Williams would have had a gleam in his eyes when he looked at Maritole. If Knowbowtie noticed, he most certainly would have felt doubly betrayed as jealousy began to infest. Knowbowtie did not want Maritole anymore but he did not want anyone else to have her either. He could not completely let go of either Maritole or the past. (13-16)

As Knowbowtie distanced himself from Maritole, Williams seized the opportunity to court her. Maritole either played innocent or took advantage of the situation as she saw no wrong in talking to Williams. In the course of human events, people are drawn to one another because of circumstances. For example, Williams was alone. His wife and children had left him years ago. Furthermore, Williams was drawn to Maritole because she displayed qualities his daughter had also or so he said. These qualities made Williams feel comfortable around Maritole creating a sense of familiarity. Consequently, Williams felt compelled to help Maritole. He gave her additional food and clothing. More importantly, Williams gave Maritole the attention she craved which her husband had denied her. In return, Maritole gave Williams companionship. As the relationship between Maritole and Williams unfolded, her relationship with Knowbowtie deteriorated. Knowbowtie became jealous which motivated him to attack Williams. Afterwards, Williams was relieved from duty by the army. (171) Although Williams was friendly to Maritole and helped her, he was an antagonist as well.

By marrying Maritole, Knowbowtie could farm her land but it would never truly be his because Cherokee society was matrilineal. Knowbowtie brought only his musket into the marriage and if the marriage ended, he would leave with only his musket. The musket represented Knowbowtie’s manhood without it he could not provide for his family. Since he was not allowed his musket on the trail, Knowbowtie was stripped of his manhood and his dignity. In essence, he was shamed. Because of his shame, Knowbowtie felt uncomfortable around his wife and in-laws. Consequently, he distanced himself from them. (222)To complicate the situation, Knowbowtie was proud to farm Maritole’s land. As long as Knowbowtie was married to Maritole, the land was also his. Knowbowtie told this to Tanner, his brother-in-law after Tanner goaded Knowbowtie, “You got my grandmother’s cabin. My wife didn’t have any fields,” Knowbowtie responded with pride saying, “Well, mine did and I plowed them.”(61) When the land was lost, Knowbowtie no longer had this connection to his wife or so it appeared to his in-laws.

As a wife, Maritole was expected to cook. Along the trail, she was given white flour and salt pork to make the family meals. The Cherokee ate corn traditionally. Quaty Lewis, another fictional Cherokee woman on the trail said, “No, this white bread is nothing my granny would have touched.” (72) Maritole did not know how to cook with the flour nor did she have anything to improve its flavor. However, Knowbowtie blamed Maritole for the poor tasting food. Knowbowtie commented “Maritole did not have patience yet with her cooking. She’d make something just to get it done.” He compared Maritole’s cooking to his previous wife’s. Knowbowtie did not understand because he did not do the cooking. (151)

Maritole and Knowbowtie struggled with religion and faith throughout the story. They were struggling to keep their old ways and accept the new. They saw the trail as a lesson from the Great Spirit or a warning to get right with God. (149) Knowbowtie said, “Maybe that this was the Great Spirit’s lesson. Nothing was mine. I could receive and lose in the same breath. The burden the white man carried was that he didn’t know the lesson yet.” (207) Maritole, also, reflected on getting right with God, “The white man said that the Cherokee were left out of God’s world. That the Cherokee had to accept Christ to get right with God.” Both Maritole and Knowbowtie throughout the story reference spirituality, conjurers and Christianity. For example, “Maritole heard the trees mourning for us …. The Bear camped before me as usual. I tried to push him away but he did not move.”(161) In the end, both Maritole and Knowbowtie embraced both Native American Spirituality and Christianity.

When Maritole and Knowbowtie arrived in their new land, they were given a chance to start a new. Maritole’s baby, mother and father had died along the way. She was alone except for her brother who had his own family. Knowbowtie claimed that Maritole’s father had spoken to him in a dream asking Knowbowtie to take care of his daughter, Maritole. Knowbowtie was alone too. The two build a home together and raise two children who had lost their parents along the trail. (233) Despite all the trials and tribulations of the Trail of Tears, the two were able to rise out of the ashes and start anew like the legend of the Cherokee Phoenix and the new Cherokee nation in Oklahoma.

This book was assigned as part of a college course on Native American Indians. However, it was well worth reading and held my attention every page.


Glancy, Diane. Pushing the Bear. San Diego: Harvest Book Harcourt, INC. 1996.

Carolina Panthers History – Intriguing

The Carolina Panthers are a member of the South Division of the NFC. They are based in Charlotte, North Carolina, but the team serves as a representative to both North and South Carolina. Along with the Jacksonville Jaguars, the Carolina Panthers history is short, as they became part of the NFL in 1995. An impressive accomplishment in Carolina Panthers history is their Super Bowl appearance in 2003, only 8 years since their inception. When the Carolina Panthers first became part of the NFL, they were a member of the NFC West division. In 2002, they were moved to the NFC south division, which was made more sense considering their location. The Carolina Panthers mascot is Sir Purr, and they are managed by Marty Hurney.

Carolina Panthers history started in the late 1980s after the approval of a professional NBA expansion team. The Charlotte Hornets, who are now the New Orleans Hornets, the basis for former Baltimore Colts player Jerry Richardson to discuss the possibility of having an NFL expansion team as well. His company, Richardson Sports, chose an uptown location in Charlotte where they would build a privately financed stadium that housed more than 70,000 fans. Everyone joined the effort to show their support for the cause, an effort to prove to the NFL that Charlotte was worthy of an NFL team. Preseason games were held in the area in 1989, 1990, and 1991, which were all sold out games, again as an effort to show support for the NFL. In 1992, expansion teams were discussed in Charlotte, as well as Baltimore, St. Louisville, Memphis, and Jacksonville. The vote was delayed until 1993, considering there was still a dispute within the league. It was on October 26, 1993 that the NFL announced that Carolina would be the 29th franchise for the NFL, which made them the first new team in the league since the 70s.

Carolina Panthers history during the 1995 Season; Dom Capers was appointed as the head coach, and they acquainted their team through a newly formed method of drafting. Aside from popular draft picks like Rod Smith, Mark Carrier, and Kerry Collins, the Carolina Panthers were also entitled to use the free agency process. A notable aspect of Carolina Panthers history is that they won their first game of their career, playing the Hall of Fame Game against the Jaguars, who was also a new team that year. Of course this game was known as the "Battle of the Big Cats", we'll let you figure out why. The Panthers new stadium was still under construction, so all their home games were played at Clemson University.

Carolina Panthers history was rough in the late 90s; Rae Carruth was sent to prison for conspiring to murder his pregnant girlfriend. At that same time, Kerry Collins was cut from the team due to problems with alcoholism and accusations of making racial slurs about his teams. Fred Lane, who had traded to the Indianapolis Colts in 2000, was killed by his wife shortly after trading teams. During this time, the team made no noticeable appearances on the field, and Dom Capers was let go after the 98 season. In 1999, George Seifert was hired to replace him, as he had won two Super Bowl titles with the 49ers. However, his time with the team was disastrous, and he was immediately let go in 2001. The Panthers attempted to acquire Steve Spurrier and Tony Dungy in 2002 were unsuccessful. So they chose John Fox as their head coach, who was a former defensive coordinator for the Giants. In 2003, Carolina was a much better team, landing them in Super Bowl XXXVIII, which they ended up winning! Considering their short history, this Super Bowl appearance was a great accomplishment and something not to go in Carolina Panthers history!

Making Money The Easy Way – Property Management in Charlotte

Charlotte, North Carolina is one of the best places to live on the Atlantic coast. It boasts one of the most diverse cities in the United States and who can forget about the barbecue. Charlotte, being the capital of North Carolina, houses approximately 2 million people. Approximately 40 percent of the people who live in Charlotte or the Charlotte area live in rental homes. Since 2001 there has been a 24 percent increase in population.

Property becomes an important asset in North Carolina because of the popularity of the state and the growth of the population. More people now own property for several reasons:

o There is great investment value in the housing market. Because the housing market is getting better, foreclosures are going down and more people are retaining their jobs or getting raises.

o There is maximum potential in making money on property on rentals.

o More people are living in Charlotte than in years past because of the current attractive job placement.

o It is one of the cheapest places to live in North Carolina where average rent costs ranges from $629 to $1110.

Owning property can be a daunting task, but that is why you should take advantage of Charlotte property management. Property management companies are trained to manage property for a small fee. The maximum yield is far more than one expects.

Taking advantage of a Charlotte property management team is two-fold: you still get to stay in beautiful Charlotte and you make money by having someone else do the work. To get the best return on your real estate investments, it’s really very important to hire property manager.