Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) He was an author, journalist and political activist. He is best known for his satirical novel Gulliver's Travel and the satirical essay on Irish Hunger, "The Humble Proposal." Gulliver's Travels & # 39; is a book of fantasy, satire, and political allegories, and she likes her many times. He wrote Gulliver's Travels in 1725 and was published in 1726. The book gained great success throughout the British Empire and earned the title of writer and commentator of great quality and reputation for the author. In this book, the journey of Gulliver, a surgeon on a merchant ship, makes four imaginary countries. So the book is divided into four parts. His first trip to Lilliput, whose inhabitants are about six inches high. He was visiting Brobdingnag for the second time, a land of giants. A third visit to the islands of Laputa and Legedus, where philosophers and scientists live, retaining love for music and math. His last visit is in Honyhnhnms and Yahoos. They are rational and civilized horses, and yahoi are unreasonable and savage people, completely dirty.
Before we discuss the symbols of his work on & quot; Guliver's Travel & # 39 ;, we should know something about the literary term & quot; symbol & # 39; & quot; The word & # 39; Symbol & # 39; is derived from the Latin word & # 39; Symbolum & # 39; means a symbol, a sign, or a sign. This is indeed the decoration of literature. The author uses it to make readers honestly expose all the hidden things or philosophy of work, because they can not face the difficulties they need to understand. If this happens, the work would not be interesting and useful for presenting the age. It is obvious that Jonathan Swift used the symbols to convey his ideas to the readers by facilitating his help. Keeping in mind all things, we can say that the symbol is something that means something else. In Gulliver's Travels, everything stands for something else because it is written for the purpose of criticizing contemporary philosophies and customs. Almost every person in this book stands for either a historical person or an idea.
Consider the symbols used in his work, Gulliver's Travel & # 39 ;.
In the first book, Swift tells Gulliver's visit to the Liliputans, six inches. They represent the symbol of the extreme pride of mankind. The author ironically represents the race. He finds that they are small creatures with small minds, but they are gossips and guts; Nevertheless, they are considered great. Gulliver comes under the spell of their in vain glory and turns to gullibility with their threats of punishment, though the race has no real physical power over it. Gulliver learns more about the Liliputan culture and the great difference between him and race. This is the explicit satire of the British government. Gulliver finds officers of the Liliputan government chosen by his roping style skills, which has been recognized arbitrarily and ridiculously. It symbolizes the arbitrary system of English political nomination. The difference in their size symbolizes the importance of physical power. The Gulliver can break Liliputan with negligible walking, but they do not realize their own insignificance that symbolizes their smallness. He keeps Gulliver tied, believing that he can control it. Swift symbolizes the hollow claim of mankind about power and significance.
Swift is very cautious in the case of his satire and the use of symbols. The articles Gulliver signed for freedom in a formal and self-important language symbolize a nonsensical and contradictory sheet of paper because Gulliver is a symbol of great power and power. It can hurt all connections for your own security. The history of the conflict between Lilliput and Blefuscua is ridiculous. High-Heels and Low-Heels symbolize the Whigs and Tories of English politics. Lilliput and Blefuscu symbolize England and France. The violent conflict between the great endangers and small endians symbolizes Protestant reformation and centuries of war between Catholics and Protestants. So, the European history is a series of brutal wars for meaningless and arbitrary disagreements. The conflict "as a person chooses to crack an egg" is a symbol of stupidity and triviality. It is ridiculous and unreasonable to conclude that there is no right or wrong way of worship. Swift suggests that the Christian Bible can be interpreted in many ways. It is funny that people are struggling to interpret it when one does not know the interpretation of the law and the other is wrong.
The Liliput car is a symbol of tyranny, cruelty and corruption, and is obsessed with a ceremony showing an invariable symbol of a bad government. It is also a bitter satire on George I, King of England (from 1714 to 1727), during most of Swift's career. There is no admiration for the king. Liliput's office stands for Queen Anne, who blocked Swift's progress in England's church, denouncing some of his earlier satires. Gulliver's urination in her quarter represents Swift's "Roof Story" # 39. The Emperor was teasing Guliver's urination similarly to criticizing Queen Anne of Swift's work and her efforts to limit her chances in England's church. In fact, his urination symbolizes his ability to control Liliputans. This illustrates the importance of physical power. Gulliver does not obey the imperator's command to destroy the fleet of Blefuscua, which marks the feelings of his responsibility to all beings. Gulliver is in a position to change the society of Liliputans forever. Between Lilliput and Blefuscu is mentioned an army that symbolizes their patriotic fame with such a prominent military march. The demand of Liliput Emperor Gulliver to serve as a kind of improvised Triumphal Army for the passage of soldiers is a pathetic reminder that their great procession is extremely silly. War with Blefuscu is a symbol of the absurdity that arises from wounded wickedness. Therefore, the Liliputians symbolize lost human pride and point to Guliver's inability to properly diagnose it.
In Book II (Part II) Jonathan Swift recounts Gulliver's visit to the giant island. Here his walking is not a symbol of dangers for Borbing the Magician as he was in his visit to Lilliput because the situation was reversed. Borbdingnagians represent English ways. After a short period of work freak, Gulliver rescues the king and queen, and lives on the court with great comfort. He spent a lot of time learning the language and talking to the king about life in England. The king appears as a honest, merciful ruler, a very sympathetic and humane man. Borbdingnagiani symbolize the private, personal and physical side of human beings when they are examined closely. In liliputans, Gulliver symbolized the divine power, but here is a symbol of slaves and dolls for performing various tricks for paying the viewer. Borbdingnagians do not symbolize negative human traits. The behavior of Borbdingnagians is different and seems to be more civilized than Gulliver. The goodwill of the Queen towards Gulliver and the sound-minded glances are found. His enslavement is virtual, symbolizing the fundamental humanity of Borbdingnagians. So, it's like Europeans who are happy to jump quickly when an opportunity arises. He is a golden doll in their hands, and he is given a comfortable cradle with a rat guard.
In this book we find a dwarf who is unable to acquire the power that generally follows a great physical size, but he gains the distinction that symbolizes the politics of those who try to gain power not through physical power, but through their personality, which is just immoral and ordinary. Ladies and their flaws symbolize imperfection as they are being examined carefully enough. Gulliver's microscopic view of flies and meat symbolizes the discovery of a microscope. At the end of the seventeenth century, the first books that contained enlarged paintings appeared. Such microscopic views knew levels of intricacy and error. In his eyes, the small size of Europeans corresponds to their moral weakness. Gulliver's offer of gun represents imperfection of the British. King's rejection symbolizes this race more human than other races. This means that, in this society, the woes are minimized as much as possible. Although this race has achieved a massive moral achievement, it is not yet perfect.
Gulliver is the third visit to Lupt, showing Swift's attack on science and abstract knowledge. Laputan are the symbol of the stupidity of theoretical knowledge that is irrelevant to human life. During his sailing, his ship attacked the pirates. He talked with them in the Dutch language, but later his exposition of the Gentiles more merciful than Christianity symbolized Swift's religious conviction. In this visit, power is carried out not through physical size but through technology. Floating Island is a stunning weapon, and the allegorical image represents a symbol of government and people. In this visit, he narrates the rigorous loyalty of Laputans to abstract theory, language, architecture and geography that symbolizes non-humanity. Scientists are hired to extract sunflowers from cucumbers and make the dough return to food and turn the ice into powder. The architect deals with designing the ways of building a roof house that symbolizes impossibility and meaninglessness, presenting a scientific society founded in 1660. Robert Boyle, Robert Hooke and Isaac Newton were all members of the royal society. Her main task was to use new science techniques to improve trades, etc. The theorist destroyed the earth by forcing her people to follow their fresh and utterly useless methods.
Gulliver escaped to Glubbdubdrib symbolizes Swift's attempt to challenge the standards of abstract learning. Overall, the ancient Greeks and Romans are perceived as truly creeping, where they are somewhat degenerated as Europe. In addition, Struldburg in Luggnagh symbolizes human desires. They seek eternal life and the primacy of age. Indeed, the wisdom of old age can be used to aid humankind, but the immortal Strelburgi grow only more prejudice and selfishness. The great patient sorrow and gloom of Gulliver's desire to gain wealth symbolize Swift's condemnation of such self-absorbed goals as the state of the small minds irrelevant to good society.
Jonathan Swift recounts the fourth voyage of Gulliver Honyhnhnmsu, presenting the ideal of rational existence. Here the man should be yahoo, and subjected to animals. It shows that animals are more civilized or more exemplary citizens. Their society is safe from crime, poverty, disagreement and misfortune. They are not aware of passion, joy, and ecstatic love. Honyhnhnms are referring to reason rather than any sacred writing as a criterion of correct action. They do not use force, but only a strong incentive. Gulliver's whole sadness suggests that they have made the effect to him greater than that in any other society he visited.
Indeed, this is bitter criticism of human beings. Jonathan Swift chose mankind in all three visits, but here he chose animals. Indeed, Honyhnhnms represent man's misguided and thrilling arrogance in power of reason. Gulliver's canoe making seams to gather yahua skin to escape from the island is his fast cynicism for mankind. If we continue to discuss this, it is the main weapon of zinc or satirism to improve mankind because every satirizer reformer remembers.
Indeed, this is a look at his book in walnut shells. His work requires more attention and more time. It hides a great treasure of the relevant age. It is widely believed that his criticism was fast and heavy, but he did not exploit human beings, but corrected them by choosing their foolishness.